HCM Weather: Climatic Features
Ho Chi Minh City, also known as Saigon, is the largest city in Vietnam. This is also the economic, political, cultural, and educational center in Vietnam, a city directly under the central government of a special type of urban area along with the capital Hanoi. Let’s learn today about the geographical location, natural conditions, and especially the climate characteristics of HCM weather.
The geographical location of HCM weather
Ho Chi Minh City is a large city in the South of Vietnam, specifically located in the transition zone between the Southeast and the Southwest. To the north of the city is Binh Duong province, to the northwest is Tay Ninh province, to the east and northeast is Dong Nai province, to the southeast is Ba Ria – Vung Tau province, to the west and southwest is Long An and Tien Giang provinces.
The city named after Uncle Ho is located in geographical coordinates about 10°10′ – 10°38′ North latitude and 106°22′-106°54′ East longitude. The total area of the city is more than 2,095 square kilometers. With a population of nearly 9 million people (not including residents without household registration), the city is divided into 19 districts and 5 districts with 322 wards, communes, and towns.
HCM weather is currently one of the five cities directly under the central government of Vietnam. The city is 1,730 km from Hanoi by road. With its central position in Southeast Asia, Ho Chi Minh City is an important traffic hub in terms of road, waterway, and air, connecting provinces in the region and also an international gateway.
Climate Characteristics of Ho Chi Minh City
Located in the sub-equatorial monsoon tropical region, Ho Chi Minh City as well as many other provinces in the South does not have all 4 seasons of spring – summer – autumn – winter like in the North, but only 2 distinct seasons. is the rainy season and the dry season.
The rainy season runs from May to November with an average annual rainfall of 1,979 mm. In this season, the climate is hot and humid, with high temperatures, and a lot of rain
The dry season takes place from December to April next year with an average annual temperature of 27.55°C, dry climate, high temperature, and little rain
The weather in Ho Chi Minh City is generally hot all year round, with high temperatures, regular rain in both seasons and less rain in the dry season but also very significant. On average, Ho Chi Minh City has 160 to 270 hours of sunshine/per month, the average temperature is 27°C, the highest is up to 40°C, and the lowest is 13.8°C.
The city’s average rainfall reaches 1,949 mm/year, of which the highest is 2,718 mm, and the lowest is 1,392 mm. Rainfall is unevenly distributed and tends to increase along the Southwest – Northeast axis. The inner city districts and the northern districts have higher rainfall than the rest. Flooding in Ho Chi Minh City is no stranger to people here, causing quite a lot of obstacles.
The main wind directions affecting the city’s climate are the West – Southwest and North – Northeast monsoons. West – Southwest wind from the Indian Ocean, blowing in the rainy season. Wind North – Northeast wind from the East Sea, blowing in the dry season. There are also trade winds that blow between March and May.
It can be said that Ho Chi Minh City belongs to the area without wind and storms. Humidity is high in the rainy season (80%) and low in the dry season (74%).
With the current climate change situation, Ho Chi Minh City is one of the top cities in the world at risk of being threatened by rising sea levels. In fact, in recent years, the flooding situation in Saigon has become worse and worse, the drainage systems in the city have not been able to handle it in time, causing many serious consequences.
Natural conditions of HCM weather
Located in the area between the Southeast and the Mekong Delta, Ho Chi Minh City has a low plain topography with a relatively flat surface and is divided by a dense network of rivers and canals. The terrain tends to lower from the northwest to the southeast, but the slope is small
The soil in Ho Chi Minh City is formed on two sedimentary facies – Pleieixtoxen and Holocene sediments, which are divided into 4 main groups: alkaline soil, low-acid alluvial soil, gray soil, and saline soil. There is also red and yellow soil, sand dune soil – sea sand…
Vegetation and hydrology
The vegetation of the city consists of three typical forest ecosystems: humid tropical forest with a lot of rain, alum waterlogged forest, and mangrove forest.
Regarding water sources, located downstream of the Dong Nai – Saigon river system, Ho Chi Minh City has a very developed network of rivers and canals.
Ho Chi Minh City is poor in minerals, mainly building materials (such as clay bricks, sand, gravel, etc.), raw materials for ceramics, flux, and a little peat.
The above article has synthesized basic knowledge about geographical location, natural conditions, and especially climate characteristics in Ho Chi Minh City, serving your tourism needs in Vietnam.
You can read the previous article here: 5 Star Hotels Ho Chi Minh: Top Famous in Saigon
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