Building a Safety Culture at Workplace
Occupational safety at the workplace plays an important role in protecting workers – a decisive factor in productivity, quality, and efficiency of production and business of enterprises. Therefore, all businesses, production, and business establishments must build a safe culture in the workplace.
What is safety culture in the workplace?
According to the conclusion of “The International Labor Conference held in June 2003”, a Safety culture in the workplace is in which the State, employers, and employees actively participate in ensuring Ensure a safe and hygienic working environment through a system with clearly defined rights and responsibilities. In which the principle of prevention is placed on top priority.
What is building a safe culture in the workplace?
Building a safety culture at the workplace is building the contents that must be implemented to ensure safety, prevent occupational accidents, and occupational diseases, and prevent fire and explosion. Building awareness, and safe working style, and habits; developing rules and standards of behavior of members and employees involved in and involved in the production process concerning regulations to ensure occupational safety and health.
Occupational safety culture according to the World Labor Organization includes 3 elements:
- The complete legal system of the State.
- The enterprise’s observance of the law, creates the best conditions for the implementation of labor safety procedures and regulations. Employers have a responsibility to commit to providing a safe and healthy working environment through the establishment of occupational health and safety management systems based on the ILO Guidelines.
- Self-awareness and self-esteem raise employees’ sense of self-protection.
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How to build a culture of safety in the workplace
To build and form a preventive safety culture at the enterprise, in addition to requiring the use of all available means to improve general understanding, knowledge, and awareness of the risks and risks as well as ways to prevent and control them. Businesses and employees also have to raise awareness of laws and policies in the field of occupational safety and health.
To take measures to ensure labor safety, it is necessary to arrange reasonable use of human resources.
Strengthen, consolidate and stabilize the apparatus in charge of occupational safety and health in quantity. Gradually improve quality, and create conditions for staff in charge of occupational safety and health to receive advanced training. Clear assignment and decentralization in OSH work, are disseminated to ensure that each manager clearly understands his/her duties. Raise awareness on occupational safety and health for employers and employees through propaganda, training, occupational safety training, and training on OSH knowledge for employees. Improve working conditions, and perform well in taking care of workers’ health. Develop sanctions to improve the quality of occupational safety and health management, handle violations, organize and operate production, scientifically and reasonably, and overcome shortcomings in design and construction. Take basic techniques as the key and select appropriate technologies and equipment to meet national standards and regulations.
The workplace safety culture is also expressed through the employees’ attitude towards the observance of the procedures and regulations on occupational safety, and the attitude towards building a safety culture at the workplace. of the employer.
The company’s safety culture can be divided into the following levels:
- Positive: safety culture is ingrained in the company’s operations. The company has a safety management system that is actively applied in its daily operations. The workforce and management have a strong understanding of personal safety and technology. Every action taken by an individual and a company is marked by a safety culture.
- Passive: Only after an incident does it work to fix the defects and vulnerabilities in the security issue at the local level, not solve the problem at a higher level than the system failure.
- Poor: Those are the companies where the responsibility for safety is not clear, safety is only on form and paper. Safety regulations are not widely disseminated in the company, mistakes and accidents happen unpunished but instead are concealed.
Factors determining the process of developing and building a safety culture in the workplace.
- Leadership commitment.
- Clearly define responsibilities.
- Employee Involvement.
- Communication and trust.
- Report and learn.
- Team spirit.